Colli-Ricci di Felizzano, Leonardo Antonio Giuseppe Gaspare Venanzio, Marchese di

b. 23 March 1756, Alessandria

d. 31 March 1809, Alessandria

"Born into a family of the ancient nobility (in 1757 or 1760, according to some sources). He began his military service as an ensign in the regiment of Monferrato on 10 June 1773. He was second lieutenant aide-major on 10 June 1774, lieutenant on 20 July 1775, captain-lieutenant on 2 May 1781, captain in the regiment of Pignerol on 8 May 1782, transferred to the regiment of Acqui on 27 June 1786, became 1st Major of the regiment of Mondovì on 13 March 1793, major commanding the 2nd battalion of chasseurs on 10 April 1794, lieutenant-colonel on 2 March 1795, colonel of infantry on 5 December 1795, colonel of a corps composed of the 1st and 2nd battalions of chasseurs on 20 March 1796. After the peace he became chief of staff to an auxiliary division gathered at Novara, commander of light troops on 10 March 1797, adjutant-general in the French service on 12 December 1798, general of brigade on 5 May 1799, wounded and captured at Pasturana at the battle of Novi (15 August 1799). General of division on 14 September 1802, he commanded the 23rd military division, then the department of Liamone (Corsica). Retired on 6 June 1806. Crippled by debt, and pursued by a horde of debitors, Colli died almost in poverty ... His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe on the south side. (War Archive). His mother was a Beccaria, and his uncle was Vittorio Alfieri, the illustrious writer, who criticised him for having rallied to the French ... Colonel Marchese Colli was not related to his commander-in-chief: they have frequently been confused, by Thiers above all. General Baron Colli-Marchi or Marchini belonged to the Austrian army, and Colonel Marchese Colli-Ricci to the Sardinian army. (See the brochure by Giovanni Pittalunga: 'Aneddoti della guerra nel 1799: il generale marchese Luigi Colli', Alessandria, 1896.)" Bouvier, F. Bonaparte en Italie, 1796, 1899, p. 675-6.

Amur leopards

A personal interest, and nothing to do with history.

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They are perhaps the most endangered animals in the world -- there are only about 30 left in the wild. They desperately need help from humankind. See

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