Davidovich, Paul

b. 1737, Ofen

d. 18 February 1814, Komorn

"Baron, Feldzeugmeister and Knight of the Order of Maria Theresa. Came from an Illyrian family which had immigrated from Turkey at the time of Emperor Leopold I. Entered IR Erzherzog Carl no. 2 as a volunteer on 1 February 1757. During the Seven Years War he was promoted to captain, and in November 1771 to major in IR d'Alton no. 19. During the War of the Bavarian Succession, Davidovich distinguished himself several times, especially in the storming of Habelschwerdt [Bystrzyca]. He had offered to make the first attack at the head of the volunteers, and with sabre in hand drove into the suburb, which was then occupied by 400 men. As the enemy fire from the windows began to trouble him, Davidovich pushed forward through the fiercest fire up to the town gate, forced it, so that the column of General Pallavicini was able to enter the town, where Davidovich joined the main column. For carrying out this feat of arms with bravery and careful thought, Davidovich received the Knight's Cross of the Order of Maria Theresa. In 1780 he was made baron. In November 1781 he was made lieutenant-colonel of IR Anton Esterházy no. 34. On 8 November 1783 he became colonel of the Peterwardeiner regiment. In the Turkish War that followed, Davidovich was often successful in action. On 24 April 1788, he persuaded the commander of Schabacz to surrender the fortress, the command of which he then received himself. In the following year he undertook an expedition to Liniza in Serbia, and collected large quantities of provisions. On 16 January 1790 he was promoted General-Major, and was present at the campaigns in the Netherlands and Italy, where, promoted to Feldmarschall-Lieutenant, he took command on 4 March 1796 of an army corps, which was concentrated in the Tyrol and on the Adige. In July, Field-Marshal Wurmser set off to relieve Mantua, and gave FML Davidovich the responsibility of covering the borders of the Tyrol and the Vorarlberg with 20,000 men. The result of the actions on the Adige and the Brenta were unfortunate. Feldzeugmeister Alvinczy took over command from Wurmser, and made a new attempt to relieve Mantua. While Alvinczy set out from Gorizia on 22 October, crossed the Tagliamento and the Piave, and defeated Bonaparte at Bassano and Fontaniva, Davidovich had defeated Vaubois' French division, which had been positioned before Trento, in actions in the Adige valley, and between 2nd and 7th November at Wälsch-Michael, Cembra, Segonzano, Trento, and Calliano..."

[The description that Wurzbach gives of operations during the rest of November 1796 is somewhat inaccurate. In reality, Davidovich played a distinctly inglorious part, being so slow to initiate his attack on Vaubois in the positions around Rivoli that he gave Bonaparte ample time to repel Alvinczy at Arcole, then turn and drive Davidovich himself back up the Adige valley.]

"In 1805, Davidovich commanded the left wing of the army in Italy. He did not directly take part in the battle of Caldiero himself, as he formed the cordon on the lower Adige and at Chiozza. During the action he seized all the boats on the river and threatened to take the enemy in the rear. In 1806, he was sent to the lower Danube, in order to inspect and report on the position of the Serbs, and visited Peterwardein [Petrovaradin] and Semlin [Zemun]. In May 1807 he was promoted FZM. In 1809 he took over command of the Royal Hungarian Insurrectio on this side of the Danube, but was soon appointed governor of Komorn [Komárno]. There, his life reached its close at the age of seventy-seven years." Wurzbach, C., von. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, 1856-91, vol 3, p. 179-80

Amur leopards

A personal interest, and nothing to do with history.

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They are perhaps the most endangered animals in the world -- there are only about 30 left in the wild. They desperately need help from humankind. See www.amur-leopard.org.

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